Types of Coding Bootcamps
| ComputerScience.org Staff Modified on June 23, 2022
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Coding bootcamps are intensive training programs that teach targeted computer science and technical skills. They offer an efficient, cost-effective way for established and emerging tech professionals to develop and improve specific abilities.
Bootcamps usually focus on particular topics or proficiencies in high demand among employers: things like cybersecurity, data science, programming languages, web development, and software development. Participants benefit by developing high-impact, job-ready skills on a relatively compact timeline.
Program durations vary: Many fall in the range of 12-40 weeks, but bootcamps can be as short as six weeks or as long as two years. This guide offers a thorough introduction to the types of bootcamps available, how to find and enroll in a bootcamp, and what you can expect to learn.
Online vs. In-Person Bootcamps
Coding bootcamps use the same set of delivery methods as colleges: traditional in-person classes, online classes, and hybrid formats that blend the two. In-person bootcamps closely replicate the collegial, team-based work environments common to many professional settings. Online bootcamps offer a convenient alternative for independent learners and those with challenging or inconsistent schedules.
In-person bootcamps feature both part-time and full-time formats. Full-time programs have intensive, immersive schedules while part-time programs appeal to participants with external commitments. They make an especially good match for students who prefer face-to-face interaction with peers and instructors, and for those who simply prefer the traditional classroom.
Online bootcamps offer a convenient alternative for independent learners and those with challenging or inconsistent schedules.
However, in-person learning demands that all students proceed at the same pace, making online bootcamps a better alternative for students seeking to accelerate or decelerate their learning. Digital delivery formats also offer superior flexibility, as learners can engage with course material anytime and anywhere.
The following table summarizes the key differences among the three learning formats:
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Full-Time vs. Part-Time vs. Self-Paced Bootcamps
Coding bootcamps come in three distinct scheduling formats: full-time, part-time, and self-paced.
Full-time bootcamps immerse learners in daily schedules that typically cover 5-6 days per week and up to 8-10 hours per day. Part-time programs usually meet in the evenings and/or on weekends for 3-4 hours per day, often with longer classes on Saturdays or Sundays. Self-paced bootcamps almost always deliver material online in asynchronous formats, allowing learners to move as slowly or as quickly as they like.
Both part-time and full-time bootcamps use in-class, online, and hybrid delivery models, but their respective time demands differ significantly. Given their rigorous schedules, full-time programs generally make the best match for learners without major outside commitments. Conversely, part-time programs align with the needs of learners who have jobs, families, or other circumstances that impact their schedules.
Self-paced bootcamps typically appeal to students with existing coding knowledge or experience and independent learning inclinations. Students can move through familiar material more quickly and slow down to master new or particularly challenging concepts.
The following chart offers an at-a-glance summary of the defining characteristics of full-time, part-time, and self-paced bootcamps:
Available in person, online, and in hybrid formats
In-person full-time bootcamps usually meet 5-6 days per week, 8-10 hours per day
Afford the opportunity to network and form personal and professional connections with peers
Better for students with minimal external commitments
Available in person, online, and in hybrid formats
In-person part-time bootcamps usually meet 2-3 evenings during the week for 3-4 hours per session
Many part-time bootcamps also include a 6-8 hour session on Saturday or Sunday
Better for students who work or have family commitments
Usually delivered online
Learners with existing computer science, programming, or coding knowledge generally find them easier to navigate
They compare favorably with part-time bootcamps for flexibility
Students can speed up or slow down as required by their schedules or the difficulty of the course material
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University-Affiliated vs. Independent Bootcamps
University-affiliated bootcamps do not lead to degrees, but they do validate student expectations with the authority of institutional accreditation. Learners benefit from access to campus resources, such as computer labs and dedicated faculty. Colleges often assign the same instructors who teach courses in regular degree programs to their affiliated bootcamps.
Many independent organizations offer coding bootcamps, and they typically offer cost savings compared to their university-affiliated counterparts. However, prospective students should carefully research independent programs, as these organizations are not subject to the same oversight and quality assurance standards as colleges. Also, note that many major technology companies offer educational programs including computer science bootcamps, making them an option for learners seeking name recognition.
The Council on Integrity in Results Reporting (CIRR) is a valuable research tool. CIRR provides transparent, impartial tracking of student outcome data, enabling prospective students to gain valuable insights into program effectiveness prior to applying or enrolling.
Formally affiliated with accredited educational institutions
Do not normally qualify for college credit
Students benefit from access to campus computer lab and faculty resources
Organizers are not beholden to institutional standards, giving them more freedom in designing and delivering programs
Usually less costly
Offered by many public and private organizations, including major technology companies
Prospective students should carefully research independent programs to ensure their academic quality
What About Courses or MOOCs?
Universities, vocational schools, nonprofit and public organizations, and private companies also offer other non-degree learning opportunities, including standalone courses and massive online open courses (MOOCs). These options primarily offer convenient, cost-effective ways to enhance or update existing skills and knowledge, or explore personal interests in a casual environment.
Rather than providing an intensive "deep dive" into a targeted area of professional proficiency, standalone courses and MOOCs typically focus on a single narrow topic or offer a generalized survey of a larger topic. While valuable, standalone courses and MOOCs do not typically provide comprehensive career training, and career-oriented learners should consider them a supplementary rather than primary educational tool.
Bootcamp Areas of Focus
While some coding bootcamps provide broad introductions to general computer science skills, most adopt a specific area of focus. Targeted topics tend to reflect job market needs, teaching marketable skills in high demand among employers. Coding bootcamps keep up with disruptive technology innovations, offering students a chance to learn new cutting-edge skills.
Web development bootcamps equip learners with the skills they need to design, build, upgrade, and maintain websites for personal or commercial use. Increasingly, they focus on both front-end (client-focused) and back-end (server-focused) proficiencies, yielding what industry professionals refer to as a "full-stack" skill set. Thus, web development bootcamps that balance the client and server sides are also known as full-stack coding bootcamps.
Some such programs assume no previous knowledge or experience, while others require at least some familiarity with common programming languages and/or web development frameworks. These bootcamps generally teach the best practices professional web developers use while also guiding learners to build a suite of portfolio website samples to show prospective employers.
Web Dev Examples:
Data science is one of the most lucrative commercial applications of computer technology. Specialized data science bootcamps deliver targeted technical skills covering data visualization and analysis, statistical modeling, and predictive analytics. Course material also covers subject-specific computing frameworks and programming languages such as Hadoop, Panda, Python, R, Spark, and SQL.
Candidates typically require existing programming knowledge or professional experience, as many data science concepts build on foundational basics. Providers usually design data science bootcamps to qualify graduates for immediate employment in information research roles, which have a bright future. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects 15% growth in these jobs from 2019-2029.
Data Science Examples:
Professionals and employers sometimes use the terms "user experience" (UX) and "user interface" (UI) interchangeably, but slight differences define them. Both deal with how users interact with websites and other virtual assets, but UI maintains a specific focus on visual elements and applies exclusively to digital products. UX has broader applications that cover a user or customer's entire product or service experience, both online and offline.
Recognizing these subtle distinctions, educators usually brand these programs as either UI or UX bootcamps. Some take a more comprehensive view, configuring them as UX/UI bootcamps and covering both aspects of the topic in equal detail. They offer concentrated learning opportunities to students interested in enhancing the user experience across all points of client contact.
Software engineering combines programming competence with the concepts and principles of engineering to design, build, and refine software applications and computing networks. These bootcamps rank among the tech industry's most popular, given burgeoning demand for software specialists and the high pay that accompanies the career.
Learners can apply to software engineering bootcamps with or without existing programming or computer science knowledge. Those starting from scratch usually begin with a preparatory module that covers fundamentals before moving into a rigorous, challenging curriculum focused on functional programming, developer tools, front-end and back-end frameworks, cybersecurity, authentication, and end-to-end testing, among other topics.
Students emerge with the knowledge required for entry-level and junior positions in software development. Experienced professionals can also use these programs to build on existing skills and broaden their job horizons.
Software Engineering Examples:
Cybersecurity bootcamps offer an especially intriguing learning option, given the constantly evolving nature of digital threats. These intensive programs introduce and build student proficiency with the techniques and tools information security analysts and other cybersecurity professionals use to detect, identify, neutralize, and remediate online threats.
Many cybersecurity bootcamps proceed across a set of distinct modules, which begin with fundamental concepts before moving into offensive and defensive approaches to cybersecurity. Modules also cover unique cybersecurity tools and platforms, such as Kali Linux, Metasploit, Wireshark, and Nessus.
Online and self-paced programs usually focus more on individual work, while in-person cybersecurity and information security bootcamps often build to a group project. These projects mirror the team structures used in real-world settings, giving learners an authentic and valuable career preparation experience.
With the worldwide mobile computing market projected to reach a stunning value of $488.6 billion by 2027, bootcamps focused on mobile app development have predictably exploded in popularity. They deliver the fundamental skills mobile app developers need to succeed in this high-growth and challenging technology specialization.
Broadly, mobile app development bootcamps consider the core languages and development environments specific to particular mobile device classes. Examples include surface tablets and Android and Apple smartphones.
Google's Android and Apple's iOS platforms combine to account for a dominant market share. As such, some bootcamps offer an exclusive focus on either Android or iOS systems, guiding learners to advanced platform-specific skill sets.
Mobile App Dev Examples:
The object-oriented Python programming language ranks among the most commonly used in professional circles, making Python bootcamps a popular draw. These programs usually assume no prior programming knowledge or experience, making them a good fit for beginners. Junior-level computer science professionals also use them to build on their existing skill sets.
Learners concentrate on Python's multitude of industry applications, emerging with intermediate to advanced skills (depending on the bootcamp's scope). Specific topics include objects and data structures, comparison operators, methods and functions, computer programming, and how to handle errors and exceptions.
Program structures usually guide students through introductory and foundational knowledge into applied tracks that prompt them to use their newfound skills to create sample websites. In-person bootcamps offer a uniquely rich learning experience, as students can collaborate in teams to reinforce shared, interactive learning and develop hard and soft skills valued by professional web developers.
Programmers, administrators, and developers draw on many different programming languages in executing their duties. Targeted coding bootcamps deliver an efficient and convenient way for both emerging and established professionals to add new programming languages to their professional toolboxes.
Language-specific bootcamps zero in on specific programming languages, language families, or development environments. However, beginners tend to benefit more from general coding bootcamps that focus on foundational skills. Bootcamps oriented toward a particular language or language family usually appeal more to students with at least a basic working familiarity of computer programming, networking, and/or software development.
Selecting The Right Type of Coding Bootcamp
Beyond considering whether the bootcamp matches learning objectives and career development goals, prospective students should carefully evaluate the organization offering the program. Accredited institutions like vocational schools, colleges, and universities carry the requisite authority, but not all independent institutions and programs share their high standards. In performing due diligence, prioritize student reviews and assess the provider's reputation and name recognition among employers.
Admission requirements also vary: Some programs offer entry to anyone, while others maintain particular standards and may require existing knowledge or experience. Costs and payment options also rank among primary considerations. Notably, some bootcamps offer deferred payments that require no up-front investment, and instead allow learners to pay their tuition in installments after landing gainful employment.
Explore Our Rankings for Top Coding Bootcamps
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- GI Bill® Eligible Bootcamps
- Software Engineering Bootcamps
- University Coding Bootcamps
- Bootcamps With Deferred Tuition Plans
- Bootcamps With Income Share Agreements (ISAs)
Frequently Asked Questions About Coding Bootcamps
Is coding hard?
It can be. Among professionals, the general consensus is that the basics of coding are fairly straightforward. However, like any skill, mastering coding demands time, effort, practice, and persistence. Sound logical thinking and the patience to navigate trial-and-error situations both serve learners well.
Can I get university credit for bootcamps?
Generally, no. Computer science bootcamps do not typically qualify for university credit, even if they maintain formal affiliations with colleges or universities. However, this is not universally true. Learners interested in earning college credits should specifically seek out relevant study opportunities.
What format are coding bootcamps taught in?
Institutions and organizations offer coding bootcamps in person, online, and in hybrid formats that blend classroom-based and distance learning. Many students prefer traditional in-class formats, but online options deliver superior scheduling flexibility.
Are coding bootcamps worth it?
Yes. Employers tend to hold favorable views of reputable bootcamps, but they are not accredited. Thus, their educational value can vary and prospective students should perform careful background research. Bootcamps also do not replace the depth or scope of a computer science degree, and instead function as basic entry-level or supplementary credentials.
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